A complete denture is a prosthesis that is placed when there are no remaining teeth present or when a patient has been advised to have all of their teeth extracted from periodontal or tooth decay problems.
A complete denture is made of acrylic with teeth that are bonded to the acrylic. The acrylic is shaped so that the denture can maintain and recreate some degree of lip and cheek support. The teeth are set for you in the lab while you wait and you are also permitted to evaluate the esthetics. The teeth that are chosen can be any shape or color and the prosthodontist has the freedom to move and change the teeth to help you obtain the smile you desire.
Immediate Temporary Denture
When you need to have all your teeth removed and replaced with a complete denture. You will never be be seen without teeth. We will fabricate a denture that the surgeon can place immediately once healing is complete. This is a temporary denture since the gum tissue and bone will heal and shrink and a final complete denture will be required.
The upper denture is a much more stable denture than the lower because it covers the entire inside of your mouth which will allow for a certain amount of suction. However, if you have lost a lot of bone, retention may be a problem and the use of a denture adhesive will be required.
The lower denture cannot stay in by suction and is usually held in place by a denture adhesive or if you have enough bone the denture may be a little more retentive. The tongue tends to push the lower denture out during speaking and chewing and this is why adhesive is necessary.
It is important that a patient realize the since dentures teeth are plastic your chewing efficiency is reduced and that the denture and the teeth wear more quickly than natural teeth do. It is recommended to have the denture relined as soon as it starts feeling loose (bone is lost underneath complete dentures because they place pressure on the bone which in turn causes the bone to deteriorate). It is also recommended to have the denture remade every 5-10 years in order to keep the underlying bone healthy and to replace the worn down denture teeth.
Most frequently reported problems with complete dentures:
- Reduction in chewing efficiency
- Food getting stuck under dentures during meals
- Problems with retention
- Food sticking to teeth
- Soreness, especially in areas with extreme bone loss and in the lower posterior jaw, where the denture sits on the nerve.